Very little is known about Carey's life and career. He played most of his hockey in Quebec, starting with a series of minor and junior teams in Quebec City before making the Bulldogs of the NHA for the 1916-17 season.
In the fall of 1917 the NHL was formed and the Canadiens selected Carey. He refused to play for that club and was suspended for the season, but agreed to play in 1919-20 when the Bulldogs became part of the league. In between, he served in World War I with the Canadian army, and when he made the NHL he scored eleven goals in just 20 games.
Carey moved to Hamilton when the Bulldogs transferred to Ontario, but after three seasons in which the Tigers didn't make the playoffs once he was traded to the Toronto St. Pats with Amos Arbour and Bert Corbeau for Ken Randall and Corb Denneny. He played just four games for the St. Pats in 1923-24 before retiring.