Shane Doan was selected seventh overall in the 1995 NHL Entry Draft by the Winnipeg Jets.
In 1992-93, Doan joined the WHL's Kamloops Blazers and scored 19 points as a rookie. In 1993-94, he improved to 24 goals and 48 points as the team won the Scott Munro Trophy, then went on to win the 1994 Memorial Cup championship. In 1994-95, Doan collected 37 goals and 94 points during the regular season. In the WHL playoffs, he scored 16 points in 21 games and was the driving force behind the Blazers winning their second Memorial Cup championship. Doan was rewarded for his excellent play by being named the tournament MVP.
After being drafted in 1995, Doan made his NHL debut on October 5 with an assist against the Dallas Stars and on November 14, he scored his first goal against the Chicago Blackhawks. That rookie season, Doan had 17 points and won the Jets' Rookie of the Year award. The following season, Doan moved with the franchise to Phoenix, where they were renamed the Coyotes, and scored 12 points in 63 games. In 1997-98, he recorded eleven points in just 33 games and followed that up with 22 points in 1998-99 before representing Canada at the 1999 World Championships in Norway. With an increase in ice time in 1999-00 and a noticeable increase in confidence, Doan followed his 51 point season with 26 goals and 63 points in 2000-01.
In the spring of 2003, Doan helped Canada capture gold at the World Championship, before entering his ninth season with the Phoenix/Winnipeg franchise in 2003-04. During his ninth season, Doan reached the 20+ goal plateau for the fifth consecutive season, while establishing a career high for points with 68. Although the Coyotes failed to qualify for the post season, Doan was named to Team Canada's entry for the 2004 World Cup of Hockey and went on to score the tournament winning goal against Finland in the final.
On the international stage, Doan represented Team Canada at the 2004 World Cup of Hockey, 2006 Winter Olympics, the 2005, 2007, and 2008 World Championships.
In 2009-10, amid one of the most tumultuous seasons for a franchise in NHL history, the Phoenix Coyotes captain kept his team focused on the task at hand. The club battled through rumours of relocation, a coaching change and bankruptcy, but through it all Doan remained a positive leader and the Coyotes somehow managed to thrive in the desert, registering a club record 107 points. For his efforts, Shane Doan was awarded the King Clancy Trophy for leadership and his contribution in his community.
On December 31, 2015 Doan scored a pair of goals to become the all-time Jets/Coyotes franchise leader in goals. On February 12, 2016 he moved into first place all-time in points for the franchise.
On December 23, 2016, Doan was honoured for appearing in his 1,500th game for Jets/Coyotes franchise. He capped off the night by recording the 400th goal of his career.