A description of Frank Boucher must include both his brilliant playmaking as a centre and his reputation as one of the most gentlemanly figures ever associated with the NHL. Teamed with Bill and Bun Cook, he formed the dangerous Bread Line of the New York Rangers and dominated the annual voting for the Lady Byng Trophy between 1928 and 1935.
A native of Ottawa, Boucher began playing hockey on the Rideau Canal at the age of eight. He was on his public school team with Aurel Joliat before he joined the intermediate and senior levels of competition. He spent most of the 1919-20 season with the Ottawa New Edinburghs squad before joining the Lethbridge, Alberta, detachment of the Royal NorthWest Mounted Police. In 1920, he was sent to Regina, Saskatchewan for training and made a name for himself as a standout member of the 1920-21 Redcoats. It was at this point that Boucher attracted the attention of the Ottawa Senators, who eventually purchased his discharge and placed him in the lineup in time for the 1921-22 NHL schedule.
Boucher spent one year in the nation's capital before he was sold to the Vancouver Maroons of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association where he became one of the stars of the West Coast, scoring 58 goals in 113 games over four seasons. Although he accumulated respectable offensive totals, Boucher's popularity derived from his exceptional passing. Beginning in 1922-23, he was chosen as either a starter or a substitute on the PCHA All-Star Team for three straight years. When the league disbanded in 1926, Boucher was claimed by the Boston Bruins. However, before playing a single game in Boston, he was purchased by the New York Rangers at the insistence of his old Western rivals, Bill and Bun Cook, who had experienced Boucher's skills firsthand.
"Gentleman Frank" was inserted between the Cook brothers during the Rangers' inaugural NHL season in 1926-27. The unit exhibited an advanced level of play that surpassed all expectations. The Bread Line developed into one of the most formidable combinations in NHL history. They were such a perfect fit that New York coach Lester Patrick allowed them to devise plays at one end of the rink while the remainder of the team practised down at the other.
During the decade they played together, Boucher and the Cooks accumulated over 1,100 points. They led the Rangers to their first Stanley Cup in the team's second year of existence in the spring of 1928. Boucher dominated the post-season scoring with seven goals and 10 points, including both of New York's goals in the Cup-clinching 2-1 triumph over the Montreal Maroons in the final game of the best-of-five series. Five seasons later, he contributed four points to the Rangers' second Cup victory at the expense of the Toronto Maple Leafs.
Boucher retired partway through the 1937-38 season but returned for 15 games in 1943-44 when players enlisted in the army and the Rangers' roster was depleted. He scored 14 points in 15 games during this brief comeback appearance to bring his career totals to 160 goals and 423 points in 14 regular seasons.
Coaching became Boucher's passion as soon as he retired as a player. He guided the New York Rovers to the championship of the Eastern Hockey League in 1938-39 before rejoining the Rangers the following year. Boucher made a triumphant return to the Blueshirts by coaching them to victory over the Toronto Maple Leafs in the 1940 Stanley Cup Final. That same regular season, he pulled goaltender Dave Kerr with two minutes left in the game in an attempt to tie the score, initiating a trend that would become exceedingly popular in the coming years.
Boucher remained New York's bench boss for the next 10 winters, adding the portfolio of general manager to his responsibilities in 1946-47. He remained coach and general manager until 1948-49 when he co-coached the team with Lynn Patrick before stepping aside to focus strictly on the responsibilities of GM. He stayed on in that capacity until 1954-55, although he helped Muzz Patrick coach the club in 1953-54.
While still affiliated with the Rangers, Boucher functioned as chairman of the NHL Rules Committee for 15 years. He worked in tandem with Cecil Duncan of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association to bring about the introduction of the centre red line in 1943-44. This innovation allowed teams to pass the puck out of their own zone and consequently produced a more exciting brand of hockey throughout the league. After leaving the NHL permanently, Boucher returned to amateur hockey to use his administrative expertise. Between 1959 and 1967 he served as commissioner of the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. During the 1966-67 season, he performed the same duties for the Canadian junior league as well.
Frank Boucher was one of the finest all-round players of his time, his gentlemanly conduct on the ice served as a benchmark for many who followed him. On February 9, 1962, Boucher was presented the Sportsmanship Brotherhood's annual award in New York. He was honoured posthumously with the Lester Patrick Trophy in 1993 for his immense contributions to the game in the United States. A member of the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame and the Ottawa Sports Hall of Fame, Boucher was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1958.